City of Catania

The city has been buried by lava a total of seven times in recorded history, and in layers under the present day city are the Roman city that preceded it, and the Greek city before that. Many of the ancient monuments of the Roman city have been destroyed by the numerous seisms. Currently, different ancient remains can be seen and visited in the city-centre.
Ancient edifices include:
Greek-Roman Theathre of Catania (2nd century)
Odeon (3rd century). It could house up to 1500 spectators
Greek Acropolis of Montevergine
Roman Aqueduct
Roman Forum
Roman broken arcades
Christian basilicas, hypogea, burial monuments and Catacombs
Roman Colonnade
Catania located at the foot of Mount Etna has many things to see and do, the majestic Cathedral of Saint Agatha patron saint of the city, it was built in 1078 on the ruins of the Roman baths Achilliane still visible by the initiative of Count Ruggiero, but the building you see now is Sicilian Baroque and dates back to 1711 as it was completely rebuilt after the earthquake of 1693, not many people know that the bell tower houses the 3rd largest bell in Italy after St. Peter's in Rome and the Duomo of Milano, in the center of the piazza dominates the symbol of the city "u Liotru", or the Fontana dell'Elefante, assembled in 1736 by Giovanni Battista Vaccarini. It portrays an ancient lavic stone elephant and is topped by an Egyptian obelisk from Syene. Legend has it that Vaccarini's original elephant was neuter, which the men of Catania took as an insult to their virility. To appease them, Vaccarini appropriately appended elephantine testicles to the original statue, then adjacent to the Cathedral there is the historic building that houses the Diocesian Museum. Other sights to visit are:
Castello Ursino, built by emperor Frederick II in the 13th century.
Palazzo degli Elefanti, designed by Giovan Battista Vaccarini. It now houses the Town Hall.
Palazzo Biscari
Palazzo Tezzano
The Medieval Gothic-Catalan Arch of Saint John of Friars
Ferdinandean Gate or Garibaldi Gate (Porta Ferdinandea or Porta Garibaldi), a triumphal arch erected in 1768 to celebrate the marriage of Ferdinand I of Two Sicilies and Marie Caroline of Austria
Villa Bellini
Catania Botanical Garden

Panoramic view of Catania
The Duomo of Catania
"u Liotru", symbol of Catania
The Fountain of dell'Amenano in Piazza Duomo
Teatro Bellini
 Stesichorus Square and Bellini's Monument (Piazza Stesicoro)
Castello Ursino.
The church of  San Francesco Borgia in Catania, in Via dei Crociferi
Church of San Francis of Assisi
Roman Amphitheatre.
The Church of Saint Francis of Assisi backs the Cavea of the Greek-Roman Theatre
Mount Etna viewed from the SW.
 eruption as seen from the southeast crater ridgeline.